Baduk TV English: Level Up to 3 Kyu: Lesson 24

Level Up to 3 Kyu is a Baduk TV series designed to fast track single digit kyu players to 3 kyu. The presenter, Lee Jihyun, is a 3 dan professional Go player. This is lesson 24.

Lesson 24

Video: Level Up to 3 Kyu: Lesson 24

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Transcript of the video

Translated by Oh Chimin 7d for

Edited by David Ormerod 5d

Episode 24: Tesuji - Placements

Hello everyone, welcome back to 'Level Up to 3 Kyu'. I'm Lee Jihyun 3p.

The topic of tesuji covers many skills.

These include cutting, sacrificing, capturing and so on.

Today, we'll learn about placements!

This skill is very powerful.

Because of that, you should study it and use it to your opponents.

Just how powerful is it? Let's have a look and see!

Placements are mainly used to invade an opponent's moyo and destroy it.

[Ed: In Korean 'moyang' means both 'shape' and 'moyo' - shapes are small moyos.]

Sometimes, they can be fatal.

Therefore, a placement is considered to be a powerful move.

Let's see some examples.

Our main focus is invasion. Does that help you a bit?

White already has one eye here.

Her shape seems flawless.

But, can you see the vital point here?

Because of this placement, white's whole group is now in trouble.

Don't try to cut white immediately like this!

You should let white connect and look after your own stone.

Then white has no choice but to connect.

If black plays here, white doesn't have two eyes.

This group suddenly becomes weak.

What if white blocks from the outside?

Then black connects and captures white.

Therefore, this placement is the vital point in this position.

Let's look at the top right corner.

This is a variation based on the 3-4 point.

Where's the vital point?

This move is the answer.

If white played here, she would make a tiger's mouth. That's why it's vital.

After the placement white's shape collapses.

White needs to connect. Otherwise, black will cut and capture this stone.

There's a good combination.

This attachment is fine, but the kosumi is better.

If white hanes, black can connect under.

Now, this cutting point is exposed.

White's shape is destroyed in an instant.

Does white have other options?

If white descends, black can also connect.

Unfortunately, white has no time to rescue the corner.

If you were white, you'd definitely need to defend.

This move is essential.

In this case, you should spend one move to keep your position safe.

As we saw, placements are very powerful.

However, if you develop a good eye for vital points, you won't suffer.

Let's see these moves again. This placement is the move.

At the top, the enemy's vital point is your own.

This move is the right tesuji!

Let's move on to our the next examples!

In this case, placements can be used as attacking moves.

Look at this one. I think you'll have seen this position many times.

It's derived from this joseki.

In response to the 3-3 invasion, black blocked here.

After white's hane, black captured this stone.

This position often appears in pro's games.

At this point, white exchanged this move, then tenukied.

Now black can attack white severely with one move. Can you guess what it is?

This is the answer.

White has to defend her cutting point, then black can connect.

In this case, this kosumi is fine, but the attachment is safer.

In response to white's peep, black connects.

White's group won't die, because there's an escape route.

However, black destroyed white's eyespace at the bottom.

So this placement works perfectly now.

Therefore, pros don't usually make the last exchange in the bottom left.

After this hane, they usually tenuki.

Because this exchange exposes the vital point.

Once white makes that exchange, she needs to defend immediately.

What's the difference?

What if black plays here? Doesn't it still work?

Yes, it does. But it will be different.

Now white won't play here.

Instead, she'll descend here, making one eye in the corner.

Can you see the difference?

Because of this move, black shouldn't play there now.

Let me explain that again.

Pros often play this joseki.

However, they don't exchange this move.

That's because this placement is very severe.

The exchange makes a big difference.

If white hasn't settled the lower right shape, she can descend here, which is huge.

So once you exchange the push, you need to defend your shape.

Don't forget this placement!

Next, let's look at this example.

This is from a 4-4 point joseki, after white slides at the top.

We learned about this joseki once before.

In response to white's slide, this kosumi is correct.

However, this bump is also possible in some cases.

After that, black blocks here.

Then he plays a tiger's mouth.

Instead of this knight's move, white should play here.

If white plays here, she needs to spend another move here to defend.

Why should white play there?

How can black destroy white's position?

Can you see the vital point?

The answer to this problem is slightly harder than the previous ones.

In this case, you need to make an exchange before making a placement.

This empty triangle is a nice move.

White has to block here.

Then this placement works well.

If white blocks here, black can capture white's two stones.

If white plays here, black can connect too.

After this move, white's eyespace is destroyed.

Black can omit this defense and attack immediately.

There's no time to lose.

This immediate attack is wonderful.

If white falls back here, the exchange is profitable for black.

Afterwards, this hane is a good combination.

This white group will still be floating in the center.

At the bottom, the placement is move.

But at the top, you need to be able to find the empty triangle too!

Let's investigate some other positions!

These problems are special, and more advanced.

Let's look at this one first.

White's group isn't in danger, but black can take away white's eye shape.

Which placement would be good?

How about this move?

This placement is wonderful now.

What if white connects here?

Isn't this stone dead?

This attachment is another great tesuji!

White can't separate black. Her stones will die if she tries.

Inevitably, white needs to defend, then black can connect.

White can only make one eye, in gote.

Consequently, black can harass white's group.

This wedge is almost the same.

After this atari, white can't live on the inside.

Let's have a look at the position at the bottom.

White's group is very weak.

In response to white's approach, black attached and extended.

How about capturing these two stones?

Locally, it's not that bad.

But this isn't the answer.

Black can attack the entire group. Where's the vital point?

Can you see this move?

In this case, this placement is a wonderful tesuji.

But it's not easy to find the followups after this move.

Is this stone dead?

As we saw at the top, this attachment is a beautiful tesuji!

If white separates black, this cut is possible.

How about the capturing race?

White has 3 liberties, and black has 4. So white dies.

Therefore, white has to play here and black can connect.

This move is still occupying white's vital point.

If white wedges, black ataris and connects.

This stone removes white's eye shape.

White's whole group is in grave danger.

Can you see how these two problems are similar?

Placements and attachments often form a good combination.

This attachment is a bit hard to see though.

However, this placement makes the attachment possible.

With this combination, black can aim to cut here.

White has to fall back. Then black can even atari before connecting.

This is practically the same.

White can only make one eye in gote at the top.

At the bottom, she can't even get a one eye.

This is all because of black's tesuji combinations!

I hope you'll remember these moves!

These are the last patterns we're going to look at today.

We've looked through many variations, so I hope you'll be able to solve these two problems easily.

Let's look at the bottom one first.

This is from a joseki.

In this situation, black can pincer like this.

This kosumi is one of the white's common responses.

After these pushes, black extends here.

To secure the corner, white attaches.

In fact, black has another possible move. But let's try this one for now.

After that, white needs to defend here.

If white tenukis, how can black punish her?

This move is the answer.

After this placement, white's in trouble.

If white descends, black can connect.

In response to this move, this hane is good.

After that, this atari works.

If white had a stone here, would this move be possible?

No, so you need to look at the position carefully.

In fact, black can't rescue this stone if white plays an empty triangle.

White can cut and capture this stone.

However, black will counter-atari, and then attack the whole group.

Even though white captured this stone, her group isn't alive yet.

Therefore, this placement is very severe in this case.

Let's look at the top now.

I imagine you'll have some sense of how to find a placement tesuji by now.

This placement works well in this case.

If white connects like this, black can push and cut.

What will happen if black separates white?

This is no capturing race. White's dead.

So white can't connect like that.

She needs to protect her weakness by blocking here.

Then black hanes and it's similar to the shape at the bottom.

Because of the cutting point, white can't block right away.

So this is the proper move.

Black's greatly reduced white's territory.

This is the last problem we're going to look at regarding placement tesujis.

Now do you realize how varied the topic of placements is?

1 Minute Summary

We've been studying placements today.

A placement allows you to invade and destroy your opponent's area.

In addition, you can take your opponent's eye shape away.

Therefore, it's a very powerful technique.

Look at this position.

In this case, black can invade like this.

If white blocks, these moves form a good combination.

After that, white's territory's all gone.

And suddenly this group is now in trouble.

I hope this sequence drives home the power of the placement in your mind.

And I also hope that you'll be able to use this skill freely in your games.

The next episode will be our final lesson on tesuji.

Next time we'll explore tesuji for sabaki (managing groups lightly)!

Thank you!

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