Baduk TV English: Level Up to 3 Kyu: Lesson 25

Level Up to 3 Kyu is a Baduk TV series designed to fast track single digit kyu players to 3 kyu. The presenter, Lee Jihyun, is a 3 dan professional Go player. This is lesson 25.

Lesson 25

Video: Level Up to 3 Kyu: Lesson 25

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Transcript of the video

Translated by Oh Chimin 7d

Edited by David Ormerod 5d

Episode 25: Tesuji - Sabaki

Hello everyone, welcome back to 'Level Up to 3 Kyu'. I'm Lee Jihyun 3p.

Sadly, this is our last episode about tesuji.

My choice for the last tesuji lesson is sabaki.

Last time, we looked at tesuji for attacking.

So now's a good time to learn about tesuji for defending.

Let's get started!

Sabaki is quite different to what we've learned about so far.

Do you know what sabaki is?

When invading your opponent's territory, it's bad to let them attack your group severely.

Sabaki is the skill of managing your groups lightly and flexibly.

In addition, you can strengthen your stones without losing too many points.

Therefore, it's important for you to learn about sabaki.

Then you won't be afraid of invading your opponent's moyo.

Let's look at this situation.

First of all, white's position is solid, and she's approached here.

This hane is white's aim.

After this move, black's group is in big trouble.

So it's time to manage this group.

In this situation, many players attach here.

What do you think of this?

After this exchange, black will bump and settle down.

It's true that black's now safe.

However, white won't answer like this.

In response to the attachment, white can hane here.

If black hanes, this cut is possible.

Then white ataris here.

And now she can connect like this.

In other words, white has some choices at this point.

This extension is fine, but white can hane here in a special circumstances.

So an exchange will occur.

There's one more thing to note. This exchange itself is profitable for white.

This kind of attachment is only good when it makes white's position heavy or over-concentrated.

Otherwise, you should avoid such moves.

Instead of this, there's a shape which defends black's position with one move.

What's that move?

It's hard to see, but this jump is good in this situation.

First of all, it removes the aji I showed you just before.

If white hanes, black can cut here immediately.

What if white bumps and tries to expand her moyo?

Black can come out like this, and his position is stable.

This stone is getting isolated.

White may think about this move.

Then black can bump and strengthen his group.

Now black's safe.

There's no need to make a bad exchange like this.

With this move, black can easily manage his group.

Let's move on to the next example.

If white leaves this group, black will attack it with a knight's move.

In addition, this weakness is exposed.

No matter where white connects, black will push and cut on the other side.

Therefore, white needs to remove her weakness.

At the same time, she has to manage the overall group.

How should white sabaki now?

Even though it's a bit hard to see, this move on the second line is great!

What's the intention of this move?

Let's try this move first. White successfully removes the weakness.

But black will bump here in sente.

And after that, he'll attack white severely.

Basically, white intends to sacrifice this stone.

But in the process, white will be able to manage her group efficiently.

If black tries to capture, white will sacrifice one more stone like this.

If black ataris, this is a forcing move.

And white's weakness is gone.

By keeping sente, white can repair her shape and move into the center.

If black doesn't like white's forcing move, he may connect here.

But in this case, white can squeeze black.

White can still come out like this.

This weakness was protected in sente.

Instead, this connection is also conceivable.

Then white will bump here.

This move is dangerous now.

Because of this wedge, it doesn't work well.

So this bump is a proper move.

Can you feel the difference white's exchange makes?

If white plays here without making the exchange, she can hane here at best.

But in this case, it's possible to connect and rescue her stone.

So white can make one eye in sente.

What if black captures this stone?

Then white keeps sente, and she can move out again.

This is also a kind of sacrifice tesuji.

But these tesuji are also very useful for sabaki.

Let's look at some other patterns!

Now you need to manage black's groups.

Here are two problems. Let's look at this one first.

If white extends here, this black group will be in trouble.

How would you manage this group?

Many people would atari here.

Then they'd think about this tiger's mouth.

It's similar to the example we saw earlier.

This exchange helps white.

After that exchange, black can settle in the corner with a move like this.

So some people might choose this variation.

Because they just want to live in the corner somehow.

However, there's a better move in this situation.

How can black manage this group?

You may face this kind of position in the midst of a joseki.

Remember that the atari and tiger's mouth aren't a good combination.

Let's find a nice response here.

In fact, it's a difficult move to come up with.

This attachment is the answer.

There's no need to exchange this atari first.

What if white hanes like this?

Then black can atari here now.

And, after that, he can break through white's shape.

If the center isn't that important, this double hane is nice too.

Because of the cutting point, white has to connect here.

Then black can come out. He can choose either of option.

Sometimes you can select an option based on your personal style.

Therefore, this hane isn't a proper answer.

This extension is a good, calm response.

If black ataris here, it's the same as the previous variation.

So we need to find a better move.

The solution isn't easy to see, but it's very nice.

This jump is wonderful in this case!

If white connects, there's no reason to play here.

Instead, black can play here, without leaving behind any weaknesses.

Later on, this turn will weaken white's stones.

Let's compare the two variations.

Can you see the difference in power between the two?

If black's stone isn't there, white won't feel much pressure.

It's a huge difference.

Because of that, this jump is a wonderful tesuji.

Don't forget this combination!

It's often used when you need to manage your group.

Let's move on to this problem.

Black needs to manage his group.

White has just cut here. Unfortunately, black can't rescue this stone.

So he has to sacrifice it.

This sequence is the simplest one for black.

Black's position looks fine.

But before sacrificing your stones, you should think about how to make the greatest use of them.

Is there any better move instead?

We need some more sophisticated tactics.

For example, you should think about how to exploit other nearby stones in some cases.

This atari is a good start.

Then this attachment is excellent!

What do you think of this move?

Can white respond to it immediately?

How about this move?

But in this case, white's two stones will be captured.

Before this exchange, this stone was dead.

However, black can capture white's stones now.

If white pushes here, black can block. This stone is well placed.

Then how should white answer?

Inevitably, she has to capture this stone.

After that, attaching here completes a great tesuji combination!

If white descends, black wedges here.

Where should white atari? Let's try this one first.

White needs to connect here, then black blocks and captures these two stones.

The owner of the corner has changed. It's nonsense.

How about this atari instead?

After that, white has to capture this stone.

Then black cuts and ataris. This white stone is practically dead.

Compared to the other variations, this is a lot better for black.

Therefore, white shouldn't descend here.

This connection is the proper move, then black plays underneath.

Wherever white cuts, black captures the stone.

If white cuts on the inside, black captures this stone.

After taking the corner, black still has time to manage the center.

In response to this cut, black captures.

Despite sacrificing this stone, black's group is now safe.

There's no need to run away.

That's all thanks black's exquisite combination.

This kind of attachment is useful when your group is weak.

By playing flexibly like this, you can sabaki inside your opponent's area.

And these sorts of techniques are frequently used.

I hope you'll remember these tesuji. Let's look at another problem.

This is another good sabaki problem.

At this point, black peeps here.

This sort of move is often played in actual games.

The main intention is to make white's group heavier.

How about this connection? This is what black wants.

After that exchange, black will jump here, gaining some points.

White's heavy, while black's position is efficient and light.

Isn't there a better move for white?

In fact, it's not easy to find the best move.

Nevertheless, there is another possible response.

What would that be?

We learned about attachment tesuji in an earlier episode.

That's a hint.

In this case, this attachment is a great answer!

It's a difficult move to come up with.

Because you can clearly see the weakness here.

But white can push through here.

Let me highlight the tesuji.

After black's push, white played here.

Black has no choice but to connect.

After that, white also breaks through black's shape.

This extension is inevitable. Then white can attack the corner.

Now black's two stones are dead.

In rare cases, white can't play like this.

When black has a massive moyo at the top, the attachment won't work well.

But, in normal situations, white can capture the corner and gain many points.

Even though black has a lot of influence, white managed her weak group nicely.

With this attachment, white can manage the overall situation.

If black doesn't want to give up the corner, he needs another move.

Instead of the push, this hane will be the answer.

In response, white should exchange this move, and then extend here.

Black can't cut white.

If black pushes here, white can extend.

If white blocks here later, her group will become safe.

So black should push first.

Then white jumps out, and this group isn't a target anymore.

Remember this attachment.

After that, this exchange is part of the perfect move order.

If white extends, without making the exchange, black will separate white immediately.

Now it's different.

When white comes out here, black can play a tiger's mouth.

After that, black can block here, and white's in danger.

So don't forget the exchange!

This variation is the answer.

Connecting here is too passive.

Whereas this attachment is a great tesuji for sabaki.

As we've seen today, attachments are one of the best ways to manage weak stones.

So they're often played in defensive situations. Don't forget this!

1 Minute Summary

Today we've investigated tesuji for sabaki.

They're very useful to know when you're under attack.

I hope you'll study and master them!

Attachments are often used to defend in actual games.

This brings us to the end of our series on tesuji.

The opportunity to play a tesuji can be fleeting.

So you need to watch these lessons and study some more examples, to prepare yourself.

Remembering tesuji patterns is very helpful.

If you learn tesuji, the overall game will become clearer to you!

Next time, we're going to learn about life and death!

Thank you!

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